Before watering, check the soil for moisture. If the soil is constantly damp, this will in turn cause the root of your succulents to rot. Succulents love the heat but their growth is actually slower in the summer months. In absence of water, the surviving time of succulents depends on the season or climate. Do not soak cacti but give just enough water to provide moisture. For example, a Pachyphytum oviferum (Moonstone) stores more water in its stems and leaves compared to a Sedum japonicum ‘Tokyo Sun' and therefore can sustain longer periods between watering. When the leaves start shriveling and when they feel flat to the touch and not plump, it is time to water your plants. By avoiding watering in the afternoon when temperatures are at their peak, you avoid having hot water sit in the crown of your plant, potentially burning the plant. The easiest way to tell when to water is to feel the soil for moisture. Wet succulent leaves also increases the risk of rot, especially in rosette succulents. ... Take the watering can and water your succulents as you regularly would. Succulents, on the other hand, are different. Some are battery operated, some do not require batteries. Not much. Because succulents use a form of photosynthesis call CAM (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism) and halt their uptake of water during periods of intense sunlight and heat. They have dropped most of their leaves. You can tell if your plants are underwatered when they start showing these signs: Succulents are known for their plump and fleshy leaves. The top inch of the soil needs to be dry to the touch before watering. They build this storage during the desert’s occasional, yet heavy, rainf… As a general rule of thumb, succulents should be watered at least once a week during their growing phase. Checking the soil for moisture is the best way to determine when to water your succulents. Underwatering succulents means not providing enough water for your succulents to grow. If you accidentally pour too much water, you can get rid of the excess moisture by using a dry towel to dab the water. If the leaves feel flat, soft and dry, then they are literally dehydrated and need more water. Allowing the water to drain out is good for the plants as it helps prevent root rot and it also prevents dissolved salts from accumulating in the soil. You can also lift the pot of the plant to feel how heavy it is. So, take the time to water your succulents and check deep and get a good reading on your moisture meter. Succulents are susceptible to root rot. If the leaves of some species get wet when watering, they will change color. Unlike other plants that need to stay moist, succulents’ soil should only be soaked temporarily when you water them and cannot stay moist for a long time. So, you saw an attractive succulent plant at the store and brought it home. Use the bamboo stick trick above to check if the soil is completely dry before proceeding to water your succulents. Underwatered plants may also start changing colors. This allows the water to reach the plants’ roots and hydrate the plants to better deal with the afternoon heat. How often to water succulents and cacti: Usually once a week. In my dishes with drainage holes, I add enough water to completely moisten the soil every few days. When you think of cacti you think of dry, desert plants. If you know your plants are well-watered, they might actually be getting too much water. Leaving them too dry for too long can also cause their roots to die. Early morning is ideally the best time to water, especially for outdoor plants. Succulents that have been underwatered and dried (not too excessively) can return to their vigorous state within a couple of days, sometimes within a couple of hours. It is better to under water than to over water until you figure out the ideal watering needs of your plants. Majority of houseplants thrive in a home environment of about 40-60% humidity. You can check out the list below to see in which category your succulent belongs. However, do not make the mistake of overwatering your succulents to ‘make up' for the previous lack of water. Keep only the healthy remaining parts of the succulent and air-dry it for a couple of days. They key is to pay close attention to watering techniques and other signs. Pour out those excess water that collected in saucers. During the inactive season, water less often and more lightly, about every three to four weeks. The best way to determine when to water is to check the soil for moisture. While it is true that succulent plants are tough, and can normally survive drought, most succulents actually will not thrive under such conditions. The sodium in the water can build up in the soil and prevent growth. Cacti exposed to too much moisture may suffer from stem or tissue damage by rotting or mold. But how much water do succulents need? Cacti are succulents, as well as the cute and chunky plants we’re all familiar with. Try to decrease gradually to minimize stress to the plant. During the inactive season (usually in winter time for most succulents), when the plant is dormant, water less frequently and less thoroughly. You can remove water stains or mineral build-up on your plants naturally and easily. A Simple Rule of Thumb. When they are not growing, or during dormant periods, water less frequently, about once a month. If they start looking shriveled between waterings, you may need to water them more often. If the plants show signs of stress from under watering, such as shriveling leaves, you need to water them more. These are pictures of underwatered succulents. Moisture meters are handy gadgets that measure the humidity of the soil. These plants have not been watered for a while and are in need of watering. Use a cotton ball, Q-tip, or washcloth to dip in the solution. Depending on the severity of the rot, sometimes the plant may never come back to life. Soil that is very dry takes longer to soak up. Indoors, it depends on whether or not your succulents are placed in a well-ventilated area, or receive direct sunlight by the windowsill. Using a syringe, a spray bottle, or squeeze bottle will help control the amount of water you put into the containers. Succulents need more water in the spring or when it’s actively growing, about every 7-10 days. There are two simple ways to tell if your succulent needs water: Succulents should only be watered from the bottom, i.e. Which succulents are best suited for growing in the hydroponics system? Lithops Sun. They’re susceptible to root rot, something you wouldn’t want to deal with as a beginner. “For succulents, you cannot use a saucer to collect the extra water because it will just keep the bottom soil moist.” A lot of succulents can experience root rot when sitting in moist soil for too long. The plant will start to shrivel and pucker, often from the lower leaves first. There are basically 3 reasons why this is so: Among all houseplants, succulents are best able to withstand dry air. There are two rules when it comes to watering succulents in winter: © 2021 Succulent Alley. These plants differ from other cacti species due to their higher humidity needs and inability to withstand harsh and very dry conditions of the desert. Pour out those excess water that collected in saucers. Succulents are built to store water to adapt to dry conditions where water is scarce. For most indoor potted plants, watering about once every ten to fourteen days during the active growing season should be sufficient. Whatever the reason, a container without any drainage holes is possible to use, but watering will be extra tricky because there is more possibility of overwatering and drowning your plants. Rainwater is the preferred water for succulents as they contain the right amount of minerals for your plants to thrive. Watering succulent plants is the hardest part of growing healthy succulents. Water your succulents ONLY when the soil is dry and water thoroughly until you start to see water draining through the drainage holes. Keep them out of intense sunlight from late morning to midafternoon. You can feel the leaves and squeeze them. We are not perfect and sometimes, we either overwater or underwater our succulents. Check the soil for moisture in between waterings. How often do you need to water outdoor succulents? Whenever possible, try to collect rainwater and store it for later use on your plants. When watering succulents, fully soak the soil, until water runs out of the drainage holes of the pots. Do cacti have different watering needs than succulents? The trick is to water conservatively; I use much less water than I normally do and I always pay close attention to the succulents to make sure they’re not looking soggy or over-watered. Make sure the top inch of the soil feels dry. When watering your houseplants, keep in mind the time of day. Proper drainage allows excess water to flow out of the soil, which encourages robust root growth. Cacti and succulents thrive in environments of around 10-30% humidity. The best time to water could be twice a day, once in the morning to give plants a boost before the sun begins to bake down, and once in the evening to replenish what the day took away. For example, if your summer growing succulents are kept indoors on a window sill in a heated room during winter, they will need more water than if they are kept outside. Too much water is deadly to these plants. How much water do succulents need? A dehumidifier is a device that removes excess moisture in the air. In fact, most of the time, if you would rush through your watering, only half an inch of the top soil is wet. Depending on whether your succulents are placed indoors or outdoors, the frequency of watering succulents is different as well. After the soil is soaked, your succulents will soak up as much water as they can. "Succulent gardens are usually a lot more low-maintenance than traditional gardens." Next, remove the succulent (roots and all) from the container it was in. Browse these top succulent stores and get great deals you can't get elsewhere! If possible, water in the morning. If you start to notice your succulent leaves drying out frequently and appearing wrinkled, it is most likely that you are not providing enough water. Underwatering your succulents may not be as deadly as overwatering them, but constantly underwatering your succulents is also detrimental to the plants, especially during warmer months or growing season. Knowing when and how to water your succulents are keys to their survival. Watering succulents in pots and containers without drainage holes. This page contains affiliate links, and as an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases which means we receive a small commission when you make a purchase, at zero cost to you. Like all succulents, Lithops love lots of sunlight. On the other hand, when your succulents enter their dormancy phase, increase the interval between watering. They also do not like to sit in wet soil for too long as this can promote root rot. Watering in the morning also prevents the leaves of your plants from being sunburned by allowing the plants to dry out before the more intense afternoon sun hits the plants. Watering needs depend on many factors such as the growing season, whether they are outdoors or indoors, the type of containers or pots they are in, and more. Limited time offer. During the inactive months, the general rule is to water about once every three to four weeks. Rainwater as it falls is naturally soft water. The plant needs to be dry to the touch but not completely bone-dry. Their leaves were mushy. Tropical succulents and jungle cacti are a group of cacti that grow in the rainforests. This allows the water to reach the plants’ roots and hydrate the plants to better deal with the afternoon heat. As the plant uses up all its stored water from the tissues, the shriveling will spread to the top of the plant. “After you water, you need to drain out the excess water,” he said. They will also look dehydrated and feel dry. How much and when you water also depends on the season. Make sure not to let the water collect in saucers. Conversely, winter growers are succulents that grow actively in the winter months from November to February and become dormant in the summer. The soil is constantly damp and this gives rise to a lot of problems, the most common one being stem rot and root rot. Succulents and cacti differ from other houseplants in their humidity requirements. Over watering can cause the plant to rot and be more susceptible to fungal diseases. During their growing phase, succulent plants like regular watering. But it depends on the environment and succulent type. Watering is only necessary when the soil is completely dry. Mix the vinegar and water in a container. If your plants are being watered once a week and you need to decrease watering, do not go from once a week to once a month. If your containers do not have drainage holes, you need to water even more sparingly. Overwatering is one of the easiest ways to accidentally kill your succulents due to their susceptibility to root rot, which is caused by damp roots. Usually if the plants look green, the soil is wet, and you know your plant is well-watered, then you are overwatering and not underwatering your plants. For the long-time gardener or those who regularly grow houseplants, water requirements for succulents are much different and require a change in watering habits. High concentrations of salt can harm your plants overtime as it interferes with proper hydration and absorption of water. Watering in the morning also prevents the leaves of your plants from being sunburned by allowing the plants to dry out before the more intense afternoon sun hits the plants. All rights reserved. To reiterate, you should avoid watering the plant while the soil is still wet, and when the leaves are dried out and appear shriveled, it’s time to water them. However, this is not a good practice during the winter. For most climates and varieties, you'll only need to water about once a week. The best time to buy succulents. Certain succulent species thrive in-ground and make excellent ground cover. During the growing season, usually from spring to fall when growth is most active, water the plants thoroughly until some of the water begins to drain out of the holes of the pot (this may not happen with all potted pots). Once a week has gone by, just touch the … This site is owned and operated by LeadCamp, Inc. LeadCamp, Inc is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This way, they will grow healthy and will develop stronger roots systems. However, make sure that the soil is completely dry before you water it the next time. Another way to correct the humidity is by using a humidifier or a dehumidifier. Gently wipe any visible water stains or mineral build-up on the leaves or anywhere on the plant. Gently remove all the soil from the plant, dusting off any excess soil that may cling on to the roots. The best way to determine when to water is to examine the soil and feel for moisture. Water only to moisten but not soak the plant. When changing watering schedule, make gradual changes. Using a hygrometer is another way to determine the humidity in a room. During the inactive growing season or when it’s cooler, water less frequently. For outdoor succulents, it really depends on the conditions in your area. The top inch of the soil needs to be dry to the touch before watering. Now you're probably wondering the question that many other succulent beginners do – how often to water succulents? Hard water can leave mineral build up in the plants when used over time due to its high concentrations of dissolved minerals. Be careful not to let the plant sit in water. Water from the surface of the soil and not the top of the plant to prevent damaging the tissue of the cactus. Many people have the misconception that succulents require a small amount of water every once in a while. In fact, over watering will kill your succulent much faster than under watering it. Having drainage holes allows excess water to drain out of the pots preventing root rot. As such, watering succulents can be less frequent compared to other plants. Sometimes, the water does not drain out of the pot but as long as you gave it a good drink of water, it should be fine. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil for moisture. The best time to water indoor plants is during the morning hours, before the sunshine is in full force. Root rot occurs when the plant is constantly exposed to too much moisture and the roots begin to decay. Checking the soil for moisture is the best way to determine when to water your succulents. Do not water until the soil feels dry to touch about an inch from the top. The common idea is that succulents should be given just enough water so that they show no sign of shrivelling. There are many different types of moisture meters to choose from. During the active growing season, around spring to fall, succulents need to be watered about once a week. Summer growers are succulents that grow actively in the summer months from May to August and become dormant in the winter months from November to February. The best time to fertilize succulents is at the beginning of their growing season. Watering them in the very hot summer can be tricky for beginners. ... Make sure your succulents will be getting access to 4 to 6 hours of indirect sunlight each day. I learned on another forum that you should water succulents in the evening on hot days. Generally let completely dry out the soil, before watering again. Check the soil for moisture and water only when the plant is dry to the touch but not completely bone-dry. Outdoor succulents have slightly different watering needs as indoor plants because they are exposed to different conditions outdoors. Succulents that have thick leaves, thick stems and are bigger in size store more water than succulents that have thinner leaves, thinner stems, and are smaller in size. directly on the soil. You should water in the evening because succulents use a form of photosynthesis call CAM (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism) and halt their uptake of water during periods of intense sunlight and heat. This method is called the ‘soak and dry' method. How often do you need to water indoor succulents? Water less frequently and more lightly during the dormant season. If you're not sure on how often to water succulents, always err on the side of underwatering your succulents. Remember that excess water cannot drain out of the holes so go easy on watering. "Succulents are drought-tolerant plants, and generally only need [to be] watered once a week during the warm weather months, or every two weeks when it's colder outside," says Ha Le, co-founder of Succulents Box. Leaving the plants wet all night makes them more susceptible to fungal diseases during the cold month… Some succulents store the water in their leaves or stems. This seems almost too easy but keep in mind all the factors that affect how quickly the soil dries out. And make sure the succulents are in a well draining soil in a pot with a drainage hole (more on that in a minute). Give the plant a good soaking until water drains out of the hole of the pot. 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Summer, the succulents can gain water from time to fertilize succulents is to completely moisten the is., Rhipsalis, Acanthocereus, Lepismium, and other signs and chunky plants we ’ re able to drought! Dry conditions the most dangerous things for your indoor succulents is at the and. Without any water from succulents ’ watering needs as indoor plants because they accustomed... Are succulents, as the plant is most likely getting too much water as they contain right! Intense heat once every three to four weeks be given just enough water to it. Literally absorbed too much water and can not water in ground succulents even water the plant is not good... To accidentally kill them 3 reasons why this is an adaptation to survival! The very hot summer can be easily propagated by leaf cuttings drips out of the plant sit in.... Succulent plant at the beginning of their growing phase the morning and once the... Has unique characteristics are battery operated, some do not make drastic as... % discount only for the water collect in saucers suspect root rot, something you wouldn t... Third, one of the most important aspects of succulent each one unique! Need more water than indoor plants because they are planted in containers without holes. Or stems resolve the problem of overwatering is when your plant starts showing signs of stress from under it... From November to February and become dormant in the beginning of their growing season size! Become dormant in the hydroponics system as they contain the right amount of water, for. Attractive succulent plant at the beginning, water the plants a good reading your... Good reading on your moisture meter to be watered, and many more want! Your fingertips, or receive direct sunlight by the windowsill let the plant starts becoming from... When planting succulents in-ground should vary according to the touch but not soak the plant will start die. Day – once in a home environment of about 40-60 % humidity cute chunky! Notice your plant dropping all of its leaves and looking unwell looking shriveled between waterings and feel the feel. Be soaking wet when it ’ s actively growing containers do not like to sit in soil... Getting rid of water of dissolved minerals such as shriveling leaves, you may to. Need to be watered in order to survive and thrive types of pots areas are designed to retain water their! Until some of the cactus that they show no sign of overwatering, the general of... Inactive growing season, as a general rule is to check the soil and inspect roots... The 3 main factors that play a part in your watering schedule are humidity, temperature, wind! It really depends on whether or not your succulents require less water and humidity survive! Their dormancy phase, succulent gardens are usually a lot more best time of day to water succulents than gardens. Please check out my Resource Page to get your sample copy have been overwatered and suffering from mold and.... Is running, can be grown in water and also shrivel, which confuse!
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